Picking Decisions Based on Analysis: A Winemaker’s Review

For any wine manufacturer who tries to minimise interventions into the natural winemaking process, when no chemicals can be added to adjust the wine – the taste and quality of the finished product highly depend on grape characteristics which change dramatically with the picking date. Irina Santiago-Brown from Inkwell Wines explains how making a right picking decision is…

Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) in Caustic Wastewater

Testing the wastewater at any manufacturing site is paramount in ensuring the water released into the waste stream meets the required standards. If the quality of effluent water does not meet predetermined standards, hefty fines can be issued by local, state, or federal regulatory agencies. In food manufacturing, large amounts of organic waste are produced.…

Measuring Chloride Content of Saline Nasal Sprays

Saline nasal sprays are readily available over-the-counter at most local pharmacies and offer users relief from irritated nasal passages. The nasal spray industry is a multi-million dollar industry, with saline sprays accounting for a signification portion of sales. Basic saline nasal sprays consist of water and sodium chloride. However, most commercial saline sprays also incorporate…