Measuring Chloride Content of Saline Nasal Sprays

Saline nasal sprays are readily available over-the-counter at most local pharmacies and offer users relief from irritated nasal passages. The nasal spray industry is a multi-million dollar industry, with saline sprays accounting for a signification portion of sales. Basic saline nasal sprays consist of water and sodium chloride. However, most commercial saline sprays also incorporate…

Measuring the pH of Isotonic Buffer Saline

In hospitals, intravenous (IV) solutions, such as saline or prescription drugs are commonly administered to patients for various therapies. IVs are used to deliver medications, replace fluids, balance electrolytes, and many other treatments. Since the solutions are introduced directly into the blood stream, the more similar in ionic strength the solutions are to the blood,…

Measuring Moisture Content in Aerosols and Creams

Moisture content is an important parameter in aerosols and creams. Substances such as sunscreen, muscle ache creams, and anti-fungal treatments are considered to be over-the-counter medicines; therefore the composition of these substances is closely monitored. The composition of each batch must match what is registered according to Australian regulatory guidelines for OTC medicines. Application An…