Measuring the pH of Shampoo

Shampoo, or more accurately the concept of shampoo, has existed since the time of the first ancient civilisations. Among centuries of adaptation and development, the act of cleansing hair has changed quite dramatically; at first, a combination of oils, herbs, and perfumes were used as a way to simply freshen hair. Upon further understanding of…

pH of Mascara

For many years, cosmetics have been used to enhance features, achieve certain styles, and help individuals stand out. As early as 4000B.C. the Egyptians used kohl, a ground mineral, to darken their lashes, brows, and eyelids. Today, mascara is used to enhance eyelashes, and is now marketed for specific features such as water resistance, longevity,…

Measuring Acidity of Natural Water by Titration

In the past 75 years, the worldwide human population has increased from approximately 2.5 billion to over 7 billion people. Population increase, the resulting increase in use of natural resources, and anthropogenic (human) produced waste have significantly impacted our natural environment. One of the most vital resources that humans require to live is water. Ironically…

Top 10 Mistakes in pH Measurement

Are you making errors when measuring pH? Here are the top 10 mistakes that our technical staff see most often. Proper technique in pH measurement is a matter that is a bit hazy among some of our users. Questions like “how often should I calibrate?,” and “how often should I replace my electrode?” are commonplace…