pH of Mascara

For many years, cosmetics have been used to enhance features, achieve certain styles, and help individuals stand out. As early as 4000B.C. the Egyptians used kohl, a ground mineral, to darken their lashes, brows, and eyelids. Today, mascara is used to enhance eyelashes, and is now marketed for specific features such as water resistance, longevity,…

Sodium in Canned Soup

Sodium chloride, also known as table salt, was once worth more than gold. This seems like a strange thing to hear in today’s world, where the population is told to “watch their salt intake” and to try “low sodium diets.” Processed products seem to scream from the shelves with their advertisements of new and improved…

Fluoride Measurement in Drinking Water

The use of fluoride as an additive to drinking water has been a highly debated topic for over 70 years. Although fluoride occurs naturally in many water sources, it is often added to water supply systems to provide health benefits to the public.  While the positive effects of fluoride on dental health have been scientifically…