Measuring Dissolved Oxygen in Nanobubbles

Microbubble or nanobubble technology has attracted attention of scientists in recent years.  It is an important technology in the agriculture, hydroponic, and aquaculture industries. Some of the applications of nanobubbles which have been explored around the globe are: Acceleration of metabolism in vegetables and shellfishes Improved shelf stability of products with bubbles (foam products) Nutritional…

Measuring the pH of Isotonic Buffer Saline

In hospitals, intravenous (IV) solutions, such as saline or prescription drugs are commonly administered to patients for various therapies. IVs are used to deliver medications, replace fluids, balance electrolytes, and many other treatments. Since the solutions are introduced directly into the blood stream, the more similar in ionic strength the solutions are to the blood,…

Measuring Moisture Content in Aerosols and Creams

Moisture content is an important parameter in aerosols and creams. Substances such as sunscreen, muscle ache creams, and anti-fungal treatments are considered to be over-the-counter medicines; therefore the composition of these substances is closely monitored. The composition of each batch must match what is registered according to Australian regulatory guidelines for OTC medicines. Application An…