pH of Biscuit and Cookie Dough

Biscuits are a favourite treat among young and old in Australia. A sweet crispy style cake that dates back to the early seventh century AD Persia is now a pantry staple. By the time of the Renaissance, various recipes were developed to enjoy the tasty commodity known as fine cakes, or cookies, or biscuits. Small…

pH of Hot Sauce

Hot sauce has been steadily gaining attention in the eyes of consumers in Australia. Hot sauce, also known as chilli sauce or pepper sauce, is a spicy condiment made from chilli peppers. Although the variations of hot sauce are endless, all sauces contain at least one variety of chilli pepper. The sauce might be vegetable-based with chillies added for heat,…

Measuring pH of Mash in Brewing Process

The number of homebrewers and microbreweries has grown tremendously in Australia over the past 30 years. Interest in the variety of beer types can be seen in the choices that are available to the consumer. Often times brewers start by using a malt extract to prepare wort that is boiled before starting the fermentation process…

Teaching pH in a University Laboratory

The concept of pH is taught to students at an early age.  Starting in primary school, substances are classified as acids, bases, or neutral; continuing through secondary school and university, pH and related concepts are taught more in depth. pH is a critical parameter in a multitude of industries, including food and beverage, pharmaceutical, wine,…

Measuring the pH of Wine

Wine is a much-celebrated part of various cultures worldwide for thousands of years. Although the origins of winemaking predate written record, archeologists have discovered traces of wine dating back over 8,000 years. The process of winemaking remains largely unchanged, but technological advancements have allowed winemakers to refine their techniques in an effort to increase the…