pH of Biscuit and Cookie Dough

Biscuits are a favourite treat among young and old in Australia. A sweet crispy style cake that dates back to the early seventh century AD Persia is now a pantry staple. By the time of the Renaissance, various recipes were developed to enjoy the tasty commodity known as fine cakes, or cookies, or biscuits. Small…

pH of Hot Sauce

Hot sauce has been steadily gaining attention in the eyes of consumers in Australia. Hot sauce, also known as chilli sauce or pepper sauce, is a spicy condiment made from chilli peppers. Although the variations of hot sauce are endless, all sauces contain at least one variety of chilli pepper. The sauce might be vegetable-based with chillies added for heat,…

Teaching pH in a University Laboratory

The concept of pH is taught to students at an early age.  Starting in primary school, substances are classified as acids, bases, or neutral; continuing through secondary school and university, pH and related concepts are taught more in depth. pH is a critical parameter in a multitude of industries, including food and beverage, pharmaceutical, wine,…

Measuring the pH of Wine

Wine is a much-celebrated part of various cultures worldwide for thousands of years. Although the origins of winemaking predate written record, archeologists have discovered traces of wine dating back over 8,000 years. The process of winemaking remains largely unchanged, but technological advancements have allowed winemakers to refine their techniques in an effort to increase the…

Measuring the pH of Bread Dough

Bread is a staple in the diet of most people. It has been made and enjoyed since ancient times. From the loaf of bread to flat bread to white bread to sour dough, it can be found in every corner of the world. For the bakery that produces processed bread that is purchased in the store, it is important to add…