Phosphorus in Saltwater Reef Aquariums

Phosphorus is an essential element for all life forms. While phosphorus is vital for growth in plants and animals, it can be problematic for aquaria inhabitants, particularly coral. In water, phosphorus exists almost solely in the form of phosphate, or PO43-. There are several forms of phosphate, but the two forms most important for aquaria…

The Significance of Pool and Spa Water Testing

In swimming pool treatment, disinfection or sanitising is essential to rid the pool of bacteria and control nuisance organisms like algae which may occur in the pool, filtration equipment, and piping. There are a number of available disinfectant compounds, including chlorine, bromine and ozone dosing systems, of which chlorine is the most common. Chlorine Chlorine…

How to Test pH in Soil: The Complete Guide

Ever wonder what else you can do to help your plants thrive? Try testing the pH of your soil! Robust plants start from the ground up, and maintaining healthy soil is the first step towards a successful crop. This all-encompassing guide will help anyone who is just starting out with soil pH testing. (And experienced…

Guide to Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) Testing

Chemical oxygen demand (COD) is a critical waste treatment measurement in everything from municipal systems to food manufacturing waste streams. Performing COD testing the right way is important in determining wastewater treatment effectiveness and can help diagnose any problems in treatment. In this blog, we’ll cover what chemical oxygen demand is, how to test it, and how…

Measuring the pH of Sushi Rice

Sushi rice needs to be kept warmer than room temperature for best results when rolling sushi. However, this can create food safety risks which have caused health departments to crack down on practices around the handling of sushi rice. Most guidelines require that the pH of the sushi rice is maintained below 4.6 (Food Safety Guidelines for…