Measuring Dissolved Oxygen in Nanobubbles

Microbubble or nanobubble technology has attracted attention of scientists in recent years.  It is an important technology in the agriculture, hydroponic, and aquaculture industries. Some of the applications of nanobubbles which have been explored around the globe are: Acceleration of metabolism in vegetables and shellfishes Improved shelf stability of products with bubbles (foam products) Nutritional…

Phosphorus in Saltwater Reef Aquariums

Phosphorus is an essential element for all life forms. While phosphorus is vital for growth in plants and animals, it can be problematic for aquaria inhabitants, particularly coral. In water, phosphorus exists almost solely in the form of phosphate, or PO43-. There are several forms of phosphate, but the two forms most important for aquaria…