Measuring Dissolved Oxygen in Nanobubbles

Microbubble or nanobubble technology has attracted attention of scientists in recent years.  It is an important technology in the agriculture, hydroponic, and aquaculture industries. Some of the applications of nanobubbles which have been explored around the globe are: Acceleration of metabolism in vegetables and shellfishes Improved shelf stability of products with bubbles (foam products) Nutritional…

Phosphorus in Saltwater Reef Aquariums

Phosphorus is an essential element for all life forms. While phosphorus is vital for growth in plants and animals, it can be problematic for aquaria inhabitants, particularly coral. In water, phosphorus exists almost solely in the form of phosphate, or PO43-. There are several forms of phosphate, but the two forms most important for aquaria…

The Significance of Pool and Spa Water Testing

In swimming pool treatment, disinfection or sanitising is essential to rid the pool of bacteria and control nuisance organisms like algae which may occur in the pool, filtration equipment, and piping. There are a number of available disinfectant compounds, including chlorine, bromine and ozone dosing systems, of which chlorine is the most common. Chlorine Chlorine…

How to Test pH in Soil: The Complete Guide

Ever wonder what else you can do to help your plants thrive? Try testing the pH of your soil! Robust plants start from the ground up, and maintaining healthy soil is the first step towards a successful crop. This all-encompassing guide will help anyone who is just starting out with soil pH testing. (And experienced…