Phosphorus in Saltwater Reef Aquariums

Phosphorus is an essential element for all life forms. While phosphorus is vital for growth in plants and animals, it can be problematic for aquaria inhabitants, particularly coral. In water, phosphorus exists almost solely in the form of phosphate, or PO43-. There are several forms of phosphate, but the two forms most important for aquaria…

How to Test pH in Soil: The Complete Guide

Ever wonder what else you can do to help your plants thrive? Try testing the pH of your soil! Robust plants start from the ground up, and maintaining healthy soil is the first step towards a successful crop. This all-encompassing guide will help anyone who is just starting out with soil pH testing. (And experienced…

HI901: The New Affordable Automatic Titration System

Hanna Instruments is proud to launch a new HI901C titration system to bring affordable automation to your food and beverage, environmental, or industrial lab. Each titrator can store up to 100 customisable methods of analysis and titrate for a variety of measurements including acids, bases, redox, and selective ions. The HI901 titration system is provided…

What Type of pH Calibration Solution Should You Use?

pH calibration solutions, also called pH buffers, are an essential tool when measuring pH with a pH meter and electrode. While some users will try to make their own solutions to save money, these homemade buffers are not accurate or stable, and in the end, they will waste time and interfere with the accuracy of your results. A professionally made pH…